So the Chinese people created the idea of writing and drawing on papyrus. Papyrus grows abundantly along the Nile River which is mostly in Egypt. Papyrus is a very reedy plant and the parts that the Chinese wrote on were certain sliced areas of the flower stem of this papyrus plant. Then that stem part is pressed together and dried out so people can write on it. This papyrus was very nice, but they needed something else Then, eventually Cai or Ts'ai -Lun invented the product of paper. But there is a story behind this When he was older Cai became a paperwork secretary of the Emperor He.
For papermaking Cai had tried certain materials like hemp, bark, silk and even fishing net, until he finally decided to use wood pulp which is from the pulpwood tree.
Sadly though his exact formula for papermaking has been lost in history. Emperor He was so pleased with Cai's invention of paper that he gave Cai an aristocratic title and amazing wealth! Cai then became a court official because of his honor and wealth. He died by commiting suicide in jail by drinking poison, but that's a story for another time Unlike our normal paper that we use today Chinese paper was VERY thin and translucent partly see-through. So they could only write on one side of paper, it was just too thin to write on both sides.
The invention of paper spread slowly outside of China to other East Asian countries and cities. Even after seeing paper, people could not figure out how to make it by themselves! Too bad for them. The people then demanded that they learn the manufacturing of paper, but China refused to give away their secret of papermaking. They were reluctant to give up their secrets of making paper. After more commercial trading and the defeat of the Chinese in the Battle of Talas they were defeated by the Arab Abbasids, the war was about the control over central Asia , the paper invention went all around the Middle East.
Production started in Baghdad , the Arabs invented a way to make a thicker sheet of paper. This papermaking had spread to Damascus by the time of the first crusade, the war had interrupted the paper production. It split the production into two centers:. This was the center of thinner papers which was adopted by India. This was the center that kept making thicker paper. Then the first paper mill in Europe was developed in Spain. In Spain the mill was in the city of Xavia modern day Valencia in the year Later more mills were built in Fabriano, Italy.
This was in about the 13th century when paper was first introduced to Europe. The Europeans used linen and hemp rags as a source of fiber. The oldest paper document known in the West is the Mozarab Missal of Silos.
This was probably written in Islamic Spain. Paper in our life today differs much from the old style of Chinese paper, paper now is thin but not too thin material that is produced by the amalgamation of fibers, usually vegetable fibers.
Vegetable fibers usually contain cellulose which are subsequently held all together by a process called hydrogen bonding. These raw materials could be easily found at a much lower cost so large quantities of paper could be produced. A Korean Monk then took this skill with him to Japan in A. During a war between the Tang Dynasty and the Arab Empire, the Arabs captured some Tang soldiers and paper making workers.
Thus, a paper factory was set up by the Arabs. In the 11th Century the skill was carried to India when Chinese monks journeyed there in search of Buddhist sutras. Through the Arabs, Africans and Europeans then mastered the skill.
The first paper factory in Europe was set up in Spain. In the latter half of the 16th century, this skill was brought to America. By the 19th century, when paper factories were set up in Australia, paper making had spread to the whole world.
Cai Lun, also known as Tsai Lun, was listed in the book The In the 12th and 13th centuries, gunpowder spread to the Arab countries, then Greece, other European countries, and finally all over the world.
Inspired by engraved name seals, Chinese people invented fixed-type engraved printing around A. The skill played an important role in the Song Dynasty but its shortcomings were apparent. It was time-consuming to engrave a model, not easy to store, and not easy to revise errors.
Single types were made and picked out for printing certain books. These types could be used again and again for different books. Because of the large number of different characters in the Chinese written language, this technique did not have a dramatic impact at the time. About years later, this moveable-type technique spread to other countries and advanced the development of world civilization.
During the Warring States period, a device called a Si Nan became the forerunner of the compass.
Chinese-English dictionary: 纸 (zhi / zhĭ) (English translation: "paper") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning. Chinese character and stroke order animation "How do I write 纸.
The standard form of Chinese writing has been in use for over years. In fact, it is by far the oldest form of writing that is still in use today. After the invention of paper, writing became more important.
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How to write paper in chinese as the college thesis Through him e-commerce dissertation means to advance in the past several decades. Performing calculaons upon, and in this chapter, I men tioned earlier, is the unit. This is a living Chinese dictionary that lets you contribute your Chinese learning experience to the community. Cantonese pronunciations guides, simplified Chinese characters, traditional Chinese characters, written Chinese stroke animations, Chinese radicals and more. to open / to start / to turn on / to boil / to write out (a.