Though two popula-tions cannot coexist in a given habitat with precisely the same niche, it is highly probable that the niches of different populations will show varying degrees of overlap. This occurs when two organi-sms use the same resource, such as food.
Thus the concept of the niche is clo-sely associated with the concept of competitive exclusion and competitive relationships among spices. The tundra presents the most common example of "fragile eco-system" Clapham, Jr. Tundra which means "marshy plain", lies largely north of latitude 60?
Water is a simple inorganic compound composing of hydrogen H and oxygen O elements because of the physical arrangement of its hydrogen atom and hydrogen bonds, liquid water consists of branching chains of oxygen tetrahedra.
The physical state of water, whether liquid, gas or solid, is determined by the speed at which hydrogen bonds are being formed and broken. Heat increases that speed; hen. As a lake fills with silt it changes gradually from a deep to a shallow lake or pond, then to a marsh, and beyond this, in some cases, to a dry-land forest. When a crop field is deserted or a forest is severely burned over, it is just like a plot of bare ground and a series of plant communities grow up there and replace one another- first annual weeds, then perennial weeds and grasses, then shrubs.
Predation is a form of disoperation, at least in point of im-mediate effects, since one animal kills another animal or plant for food Like parasitism, predation is important in community dyna-mics but both differ in the point that a predator tends to be large than its and it catches its prey from without, while a parasite is smaller than its host and consumes it from within.
Water consists primarily of a single compound, H2O. It is a universal solvent and most chemical compounds ionize readily in water and provide many radicals and considerable versatility in the rearrangement of chemical substances. It has following chemical properties. Solubility of Gases in Water: Most gases dissolve readily in water, most notably those that are essential for life.
Through mutation and introgression followed by selection, modification of gene frequencies genetic drift and recombination, many species populations come to be composed of a number of freely interbreeding biotypes or races, each adapted to a particular combination of parameters in the habitat. Such a species is called polytypic species. When the component populations of a polytypic species ar. Ecotoxicology is concerned with the toxic effects of chemical agents on living organisms, particularly on population and communities within a defined ecosystem.
It includes the transfer chain reactions of those toxic elements and their close relationships with the given environment. Ecotoxicology is different from classical toxicology in that it is a four-pronged subject. Any assessment of the. The studies of succession communities in the artificial and natural ecosystems have led some ecologists such as H T. Odum and Whittaker to develop a model of succession that suggests the following widely applicable trend. At the outset, this model makes clear that succession is not directed by a.
Science is all-inclusive and very comprehensive and touches the life of everyone in more ways than we can imagine. It has taken huge strides during the last decades. Its achievements, discoveries and inventions have been really fantastic and wonderful. It has been pushing forward with a terrific speed in every walk of our lives. Life without science and its various boons is unthinkable. Good lighting of places of work, streets and roads is necessary for proper visibility.
Lighting should neither be strong nor dim. Bad lighting may lead to eye strain, headache, irritability, loss of temper and accidents. In industries inadequate lighting is uneconomical as the output tends to decrease and the accident rate might increase.
Strong or bright lighting may produce glare which is dan. Two types of systems, viz. The low heat system uses steam, hot water or electromagnetic radiation to heat and decontaminate the waste by operating at temperatures of up to degree centigrade. High heat system uses the process of combustion pyrolysis to destroy the waste by operating at temperatures ranging from ?
Most people know that biology deals with the study of plants and animals, and probably recognize it as a science. Textbooks define biology as the science that deals with the study of life. This appears to be a simple, straight forward definition until the word science and life are considered.
Science is the study of collection of knowledge of natural events and materials in an orderly fashion f. Louis Pasteur was one of the outstanding scientists of his day. His achievements served as stepping-stones for many others. Pasteur confirmed that certain microbes were directly responsible for the formation of such different kinds of molecules as acetic acid and lactic acid.
The wine industry of France relied on him to solve the problem of wine changing into vinegar as the alcohol di. There are two kinds of NA. One ribonucleic acid RNA is so called because its sugar moiety is the pentose ribose.
In the other, the sugar moiety is very similar but has one less oxygen atom than ribose and is called deoxyribose. In RNA the purine bases may be adenine or guanine and the pyrimidine bases, cytosine or uracil. The bases in DNA are the same except that thymine o. The Earth's crust supplies us some basic mineral and energy resources, which we require to meet human needs. The metallic minerals include iron, aluminium, copper, lead, zinc, gold and silver.
Non-metallic resources include sand and gravel, building and crushed stone, rock salt, gypsum, clay and agricultural fertilizers.
Apart from mining, the minerals can be recycled as well. Energy is the cap. The process of technology change is closely linked with innovation. An innovation which causes little disruptive impact on behaviour pattern is called a continuous innovation e.
Inventions, may be large in number, but a few take the shape of an innovation effect, a few others substitution effect and a few more diffusion effect. Genetics is a relatively new field of biology and most associate this science with Johann Gregor Mendel , who was the first person to formulate any laws about how characteristics are passed from one generation to the next. This kind of study is often called Mendelian genetics. His work was not generally accepted until , when three men working independently rediscovered some of the.
There is one world inside water. This world contains many animals and plants. These animals are called as aquatic animals. They have their separate lifestyle. These animals live completely different from normal living beings. They have an entirely different respiratory system.
Also, all salamandridae are amphibians because the rectangle is completely inside of the triangle. All amphibians are vertebrates, not just some, so this answer is false. All amphibians are tetrapods, so this answer is false. All amphibians are vertebrates, as the triangle is inside of the circle, but not all vertebrates are amphibians, as the circle is not inside of the triangle. This is the only correct conclusion. Information about the composition of ocean water is listed in the table below.
Which statement is supported by the data in this table? There is more potassium in ocean water than magnesium. If bromine was more highly concentrated, then it could be extracted for use in disinfectants. There is more chlorine in ocean water than sodium and sulfur combined. Carbon plays a small, but important role in the ecosystem of the ocean. Use the presented information to evaluate each answer choice. A direct comparison between potassium and magnesium 0.
The use of bromine as a disinfectant is not related to the data presented. The amount of chlorine 1. The square above is based on the eye color of two parents. One of the parents has brown eyes and carries the recessive gene for green eyes a. What is the probability that a biological child of these parents will have brown eyes?
This means that the dominant gene A gives brown eyes. Inspection of the square shows that half of the children will have green eyes aa , and half of the children will have brown eyes Aa.
What process is illustrated in the diagram above? The processes of meiosis and mitosis both involve cellular reproduction. The major difference between the two is that mitosis produces daughter cells that are identical to the parent cells.
Meiosis results in cells that are not identical to the parent cells. In the diagram, it can be seen that the cells produced do not match the cell at the start. The diagram shows the process of meiosis. Humans can breed plants and animals to have useful traits. What name did Darwin give to this kind of change in organisms? Darwin used the term artificial selection to distinguish this process from natural selection. Natural selection is the process by which living things with beneficial traits produce the greatest number of offspring.
Natural selection results in changes in the traits of living things over time, as those organisms most fit for reproduction are more likely to pass on their genes than less fit organisms. Artificial selection, on the other hand, is the reproduction of organisms with beneficial traits resulting from the influence of humans. There are two types of planets in the solar system: Terrestrial planets are also called inner planets or rocky planets. They are smaller in size, higher in density, made mostly of rock and metal, closest to the sun, and have few moons and no rings.
Jovian planets are also known as the outer gas giants. They are larger in size, lower in density, made mostly of gasses, further from the sun, and often have ring systems and many moons. There is also a sub classification of outer gas giants known as ice giants. Ice giants are smaller in size, smaller in mass, have lower amounts of gasses, and more rock and ice. Neptune and Uranus are ice giants.
Recall that Saturn, the sixth planet from the sun, possesses rings. From the description provided, it is clear that Saturn would be considered a Jovian planet. The passage also states that Neptune is an ice giant, a subtype of a Jovian planet. The passage suggests that ice giants have all the characteristics of Jovian planets except that they are smaller in size, smaller in mass, have less gas, more rocks, and more ice. It can then be inferred that Neptune is smaller than Saturn, rockier than Saturn and icier than Saturn.
What percentage of total energy consumption is produced by biofuels? What is the mean time, in seconds, for all of the bicycle racers? The arithmetic mean, also known as the average, is a way to describe the center of a data set.
It is calculated by summing the data points of a data set and dividing by the total number of data points in the set.
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Feb 24, · Science Essay Topic Ideas. Updated on August 4, Virginia Kearney. more. Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Thanks Donna--I find topics by looking at recent science research. There are so many new discoveries Reviews:
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