The greatest impetus for this standardization came after the October Revolution of in Russia. The resulting socialist form of government and society, although uncertain about the length of time it would take for the new economic standards to create a new culture, believed that such a change was imminent. In the meantime, Socialist Realism was accepted as the highest form of literature, guiding both literary creation and official literary criticism in Russia.
In the years since then, Russian literary theory has modified its extreme socialist stance to acknowledge that literary creation is a result of both subjective inspiration and the objective influence of the writer's surroundings. He has defined his Marxist theories of literature and criticism in such works as Die Eigenart des Asthetischen , and remains central to the study of Marxist criticism today.
In addition to being the guiding principle behind most literary works in communist and socialist Russia, Marxism also greatly influenced Western writers. Many writers, including Richard Wright, Claude McKay, Jean Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and James Joyce, were deeply influenced with Marxist and socialist theories of the day, and much of this reflection is evident in their writings of the time.
In the case of Claude McKay, Marxist theory provided a framework for issues of racial inequality and justice that were often addressed in his works. Following the failure of the Communist revolution, Marxist critics and writers were faced with the realization that Socialism had failed as a practical ideology.
In recent years, literary criticism has expanded in scope to address issues of social and political significance. Hutchinson is essentially stating that Mr. Summers kept her husband busy and hurried in a ploy to prevent him from thinking.
This is a strong theme in a society where the wealthy lord over the proletariat; without the ignorant masses, the wealthy could not rule, and so Mr. Summers must keep them unaware of the true workings of the lottery. As a whole, this story was a great example of what happens when society is radically divided between two classes.
When the wealthy are given absolute power, their nature is to lord over the proletariat using tactics of fear and manipulation. The proletariat is then left unable to think for itself, mindlessly carrying on with its assigned duties.
Through characterizing the upper and lower classes as she did, as well as showing the extreme difficulties faced in pursuing social change, Jackson has perfectly conveyed this idea. Don't cry because it's over, smile because it happened. Life is like a box of cheese and flower petal sometimes it's soft and sweet, sometimes it just plain stinks. Which of your works would you like to tell your friends about? These links will automatically appear in your email.
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I like this 0. The Pen is Mightier. This article has 1 comment. Email me when someone replies. Kaffeine , X, Other 0 articles 0 photos 26 comments. I had to do a project about "The Lottery" for my drama class last year. Wish I had read this article before! It's useful insight; I didn't know that the story could be interpreted so deeply. Choose what to email Which of your works would you like to tell your friends about?
Born in Hungary, Lukács joined the Communist Party in and later migrated to Russia. He has defined his Marxist theories of literature and criticism in such works as Die Eigenart des Asthetischen (), and remains central to the study of .
Based on the socialist and dialectical theories of Karl Marx, Marxist criticism views literary works as reflections of the social institutions out of which they are born. According to Marxists, even literature itself is a social institution and has a specific ideological function, based on the background and ideology of the author.
Marxist literary criticism is based upon the political and economic theories of the German philosopher Karl Marx. In works like The German Ideology and The Communist Manifesto, written with Frederick Engels, Marx proposes a model of history in which economic and political conditions determine social conditions. Critical Essays A Marxist Approach to the Novel Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Based on the ideas of Karl Marx, this theoretical approach asks us to consider how a literary work reflects the socioeconomic conditions of .
Marxist Criticism Essay - Marxist Criticism Introduction Marxist literary criticism is based upon the political and economic theories of the German philosopher Karl Marx. In works like The German Ideology and The Communist Manifesto, written with Frederick Engels, Marx proposes a model of history in which economic and political conditions determine . Marxist Literary Criticism Essay Words 2 Pages While literary critics do attempt to elaborate or develop ideas articulated by Karl Marx, it is important and necessary to make a distinction between Marx's specific socio-economic and political agenda and the body of literary theory which emerged years later.